However, these rural landholders face problems with forestry regulations and in market negotiations. Cutting and selling the wood legally is expensive and complicated. Therefore, most farmers who produce timber in their fallows operate under the radar, selling it through informal channels. This results in poor positioning in the market and risk of fines and confiscation of their wood by forest authorities.
CIFOR scientists set out to support smallholder timber producers in making the most of the bolaina trade in a legal and sustainable manner. Their research has documented the value chain, from the management of natural regeneration to the sale of sawn boards, or tablillas, identifying the opportunities and constraints smallholders face. The research has resulted in evidence-based policy changes in the Peruvian forestry sector.